Learn how to avoid, reduce, reuse and recycle your waste.

Avoid waste

By avoiding waste we can reduce our environmental impact and keep valuable materials out of landfill.

While we can't always avoid waste, this should be our ultimate goal.

Ways to avoid creating waste:

  • Shop smart. Consider whether you really need something.
  • Avoid unnecessary packaged items. For example, choose a loose cake of soap instead of a bottle of body wash.
  • Avoid single-use plastics (like coffee cups, water bottles, plastic straws and cutlery) by using reusable items.
  • Buy bulk, loose items, such as food or cleaning products.
  • Use your own bags or containers.

Reduce waste

If you can't avoid creating waste, you can reduce waste by being mindful of what you buy and use.

Avoid buying disposable products and only replace an item when it can no longer be used.

Instead look for:

  • longer-lasting, better quality items (visit Choice for product reviews)
  • cloth nappies instead of using disposables (visit Australian Nappy Association for advice)
  • reusable, refillable or rechargeable products (for example detergents, razors, and batteries)
  • items that have been made from recycled materials, such as toilet paper or paper towels for example.

Reuse existing products

Reusing existing products helps prevent items from ending up in landfill.

Get creative and make something new from old items. For example, you could:

  • sew old blankets into cushion covers
  • make tea pots into plant pots
  • use yoghurt pots to grow seedlings.

If you can’t reuse something, check if your local primary school needs the items.

Fix broken items

Before disposing of broken items, check if they can be fixed.

You can take them to local volunteer groups such as:

Buy second-hand, sell, swap and donate items

Instead of buying new items, look for second-hand.

You can also sell, share, swap, donate, or give away unwanted items to stop them going to landfill.

Ways to buy, sell, swap and donate items:

Recycle waste

After avoiding or reducing waste, recycling is your next best option.

Many items can be recycled when they can no longer be used.

Recycle your flexible or soft plastics (such as plastic bags) at Coles and Woolworths supermarkets through the REDcycle scheme.

Check what you can recycle and where, by reading our A to Z FOGO, recycling and waste guide.

Find out what we accept in our household recycle bins. <ADD LINK>

You can also use our drop-off services:

Food waste

Australian households throw away an estimated 5 million tonnes of food every year. This is around one in 5 bags of purchased food.

By switching a few habits you can reduce your waste and your household budget.

Avoid food waste

Some ways to avoid food waste include:

  • planning meals so you only buy what you need
  • buying local and seasonal (it stays fresher and lasts longer)
  • checking expiry dates before buying
  • freezing food that is going to expire
  • storing fresh produce to extend it's life.

Visit Sustainability Victoria for more ideas and tips to reduce your food waste:

Growing your own food can stop you from buying more than you need.

Learn more about growing your own food:

Check the difference between ‘best before’ and ‘use by’ labels: Food Standards Australia and New Zealand website.

Recycle food waste

Some food waste can't be avoided.

Use your FOGO bin to recycle:

  • most food waste (including cooked, uncooked, processed or unprocessed food)
  • most garden waste.

Learn what can go in your FOGO bin.

Start a home compost using a compost bin or worm farm. Learn more at the Compost Revolution website.

More information

Find out what happens to waste and recycling after we collect it.

For tips on recycling correctly, download the Recycle Coach app

For recipes to reduce food waste, visit Zero waste recipes - Sustainability Victoria

For more information about food waste, visit:


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