We collect 3 types of waste and recycling from residents:

  1. General waste
  2. Co-mingled recycling
  3. Green waste.

In 2016/2017, 49.4% of kerbside waste was recycled or composted (compared to just 2.1% in 1996!), but 36,641 tonnes of waste went to landfill.

Our collection and drop off services aim to increase recycling and reduce the amount of waste that goes to landfill.

Find out below what happens to the materials we collect from you.

Note: In August 2017, a Four Corners documentary discussed waste practices in NSW and Qld. We do not have contracts with any of the providers named in the documentary.


The items from your recycling bin are sorted into different materials at a facility at Laverton. These materials are then sent to a number of locations so they can be reused or recycled.

  • Paper and cardboard: these are highly sought-after commodities and are supplied to local and overseas markets for re-use.
  • Glass: container glass is separated by colour so that it is furnace-ready, and is used by manufacturers within Australia to make new bottles. Some of the product is refined and sold as glass sands to various local markets.
  • Metals: aluminium and steel are sold to smelters overseas.
  • Rigid plastics: these are generally separated into specific types and traded for re-use to local and overseas markets.
  • Flexible plastics: are grouped into bales and sent to a plastic recycler either in Australia or overseas, depending on the demand.

To find out what you can recycle in your weekly collection, see Recycling bin.


Not everything can be recycled. Waste collected from households in Boroondara goes to 2 landfills in the metropolitan Melbourne area - Wyndham and Ravenhall. 

We encourage residents and businesses to sort their waste and recycle as much as possible. We have waste and recycling centres where you can take materials that are not suitable for your weekly or fortnightly collections.

To find out what you can put into your weekly collection, see Household waste bin.

Food waste

Food waste in household waste bins ends up in landfill where it breaks down, producing the harmful greenhouse gas methane. We are investigating opportunities to divert food waste away from landfill and we encourage households to compost their food waste. Residents can order a Council-subsidised compost bin, bokashi bin or worm farm, delivered free to your door, from the Compost Revolution website.

Green waste

The weeds, grass and plant clippings that you put into your fortnightly green waste collection are taken to a facility in metropolitan Melbourne to be processed into compost, mulch, and soil conditioners that are sold by the company that processes them.

To find out what you can put into your fortnightly green waste collection, see Green waste bin.

Transport, sorting and processing

The collection, transport and processing of recycling from Boroondara is managed by external contractors. We work closely with them, as does the Metropolitan Waste and Resource Recovery Group, to monitor the flows of materials and ensure that it is processed both legally and effectively.

In July 2017, the State Government announced a taskforce to audit recycling facilities in Victoria, to look at recycling facilities and their operation in detail.

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