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City of Boroondara statistics covering:

This information is complemented by the City of Boroondara Community Profile, which analyses demographics for the City and its suburbs based on results from the ABS Census

Dwelling forecasts

Boroondara's dwelling count is forecasted to increase by 6,335 between 2020 and 2030, from 72,763 to 79,098. For more information on forecast dwelling growth, see population and dwellings on the Forecast.id website.
 

Housing and population density

In the 2016 Census, there were 69,419 private dwellings counted in Boroondara with 6,495 of these considered unoccupied.  

The main dwelling type in Boroondara is separate houses (54.4%), however, the amount of particular dwelling types varies across suburbs. For example, high density dwellings are more concentrated in Hawthorn and Hawthorn East, whereas Balwyn North, Deepdene and Ashburton have few or no high density dwellings, and relatively few medium density dwellings (see Table 1). 

Between the 2006 and 2016 Censuses, the proportion of dwellings that were separate houses decreased in Boroondara overall (-7.1%), a trend that also occurred across the Eastern Metropolitan Region (-4.3%) and Greater Melbourne (-5.1%). Population density increases with dwelling density, and suburbs with higher dwelling density have a higher population density (see Table 2).

Table 1: Proportion of dwellings that are separate houses, medium density, and high density, by suburb (Source: ABS, 2016 Census) 

Area

Separate house

Medium density

High density

Boroondara

54.4%

30.7%

14.0%

Ashburton

75.0%

23.4%

0.2%

Balwyn

59.9%

34.0%

5.4%

Balwyn North

84.5%

14.3%

0.6%

Camberwell

58.9%

32.4%

7.5%

Canterbury

64.0%

28.3%

6.4%

Deepdene

67.4%

32.3%

0.0%

Glen Iris

70.1%

22.7%

6.8%

Hawthorn

22.4%

35.6%

41.0%

Hawthorn East

33.7%

35.2%

30.4%

Kew

49.1%

37.8%

11.9%

Kew East

65.0%

33.3%

1.2%

Surrey Hills

66.1%

31.4%

1.7%


Table 2: Population density, by suburb (Source: ABS, 2016 Census; and ABS, Regional Population Growth 2016-17) 

Boroondara suburb

(SA2 geography)#

Area (km2)

Population density 2017

(persons/km2)

Ashburton

2.8

2922

Balwyn

5.6

3029

Balwyn North

8.8

2424

Camberwell

7.3

3125

Glen Iris - East

5.7

3052

Hawthorn

5.7

4432

Hawthorn East

3.8

4364

Kew

10.5

2521

Kew East

4

1712

Surrey Hills (West) - Canterbury

5.7

3045


# Statistical Area 2s are ABS defined geographical areas that generally match to suburb boundaries

Table 3 shows the change in the number of separate houses and medium/high density for suburbs in Boroondara. All suburbs experienced an increase in medium/high density dwellings and a decrease in separate houses except for Balwyn/Deepdene, Canterbury, and Surrey Hills which recorded increases for both types of dwellings. 

Hawthorn had the highest increase in the number of medium/high density dwellings with an additional 2,537 medium/high density dwellings -built between 2006 and 2016. Hawthorn also recorded the highest loss of separate houses, losing 574 over this time. The next highest increase in medium/high density dwellings occurred in Kew (1,257 additional medium/high density dwellings), Camberwell (1,084 additional medium/high density dwellings), and Hawthorn East (957 additional medium/high density dwellings). 

Suburbs which had the highest loss of separate houses after Hawthorn were Hawthorn East (246 fewer separate houses), Kew (200 fewer separate houses) and Ashburton (124 fewer separate houses). 

Table 3: Change in the number of separate houses and medium/high density dwellings between 2006 and 2016, by suburb (Source: ABS, 2016 Census)

Suburb

Separate house

Medium / high density

Ashburton

-124

224

Balwyn North

111

-2

Balwyn/Deepdene

18

303

Camberwell

-41

1084

Canterbury

34

214

Glen Iris

-24

580

Hawthorn

-574

2537

Hawthorn East

-246

957

Kew

-200

1257

Kew East

-32

125

Surrey Hills

28

17

Total

-1033

7306

Household type and dwelling density

Table 4 shows the breakdown of households in Boroondara by dwelling type. Similar to the proportions of dwelling types in Boroondara overall, around half of couples without children households were in separate houses (51.6%), 31.6% in medium density, and 16% in high density.

In comparison, couples with children were most likely to live in separate houses (77.7%), and lone person and group households (that is a household consisting of two or more unrelated people where all persons are aged 15 years and over and there are no reported couple relationships, parent-child relationships or other blood relationships in these households), were more likely to live in medium and high density dwellings (66% and 71% respectively lived in medium or high density dwellings). 

Table 4: Proportion of dwellings by household type (Source: ABS, 2016 Census)

Dwellings

Separate house

Medium density

High density

Total dwellings

54.4%

30.7%

14.0%

Couple only households

51.6%

31.6%

16.0%

Couple with children households

77.7%

18.9%

3.1%

One parent households

60.3%

32.7%

6.6%

Lone person households

33.2%

41.8%

24.1%

Group households

27.2%

41.0%

30.5%


Note: Rows do not equal 100% as ‘other’ and ‘not stated’ are shown

Non-private dwellings

Non-private dwellings are dwellings which are not self-contained and therefore provide a communal form of accommodation. In 2016, 140 non-private dwellings housing 4,765 people were counted in the City of Boroondara. The two most common types were hostels for the disabled (30 dwellings), and accommodation for the retired or aged (29 dwellings). 

Non-private dwelling types that had the highest residential populations were accommodation for the retired or aged (not self-contained) (1,441 residents in 29 dwellings), nursing homes (711 residents in 16 dwellings), and residential college, hall of residence (649 residents in three dwellings).

Table 5: Number of occupied non-private dwellings and number of residents, by dwelling type, Boroondara (Source: ABS, 2016 Census) 

Non-private dwelling

Number of dwellings

Total number of residents

Hostel for the disabled

30

179

Accommodation for the retired or aged (not self-contained)

29

1,441

Nursing home

16

711

Boarding house, private hotel

12

298

Convent, monastery, etc.

12

120

Boarding school

9

252

Hotel, motel, bed and breakfast

7

449

Private hospital (not psychiatric)

7

174

Public hospital (not psychiatric)

6

226

Other and non-classifiable

6

136

Residential college, hall of residence

3

649

Psychiatric hospital or institution

3

130

Total

140

4,765

Public housing 

The City of Boroondara has very low numbers of social housing stock. The Department of Health and Human Services reported that in June 2019 there were 754 social housing dwellings in Boroondara which represents approximately 1.1% of all Boroondara dwellings. According to the 2016 Census, the municipality is ranked 71 out of 79 Victorian Local Government Areas for residents in social housing accommodation (with rank 1 having the highest proportion of residents in social housing).

Due to the low provision of social housing stock, there are extensive waiting lists for social housing. The Victorian Housing Register and transfer list for the Box Hill Regional Office (covering the cities of Boroondara, Whitehorse and Manningham) shows 1,260 waiting for social housing and an additional 212 people waiting to transfer to more suitable housing within the social housing system.

Table 6. Applicants on the Victorian Housing Register and waiting list, Box Hill Regional Office (includes Boroondara, Whitehorse and Manningham local government areas), June 2020 (Source: Victorian Housing Register and transfer list)

Waiting list type

Priority access*

Register of interest

Total

Social housing applicants

1,260

906

2,116

Public housing transfer (in public housing awaiting transfer to another location)

212

132

344

Total

1,472

1,038

2,510

*people at risk of homelessness, that have support needs, and/or living in inappropriate housing for their circumstances

Rooming houses and supported residential services

Rooming houses are mainly accommodation for single people. Residents rent a room in the house and share common facilities such as kitchens, bathrooms and laundries. Most rooming houses are being renovated so that the rooms are self-contained with their own kitchenette and bathroom. Rooming houses must be registered with the local council and meet minimum health and safety standards. In September 2020, there were 19 registered rooming houses in Boroondara. Ten of these houses had between 1 and 10 rooms, five had between 21 and 35 rooms and four had more than 35 rooms. Four rooming houses are operated by Servants Community Housing while other 15 are private rooming houses.

Supported Residential Services (SRS) as privately operated businesses that provide accommodation and support for Victorians who need help with everyday activities. Each SRS determines the services it offers and its fee structure. In June 2020 there were five SRSs operating in Boroondara.  

Building approval trends

In the 2019-20 financial year, 1,266 new dwellings were approved in Boroondara. Of these around one quarter were houses (24%) and three quarters were other residential dwellings such as semi-detached, row or terrace houses or townhouses, and flats, units or apartments (76%).

Table 7 shows that between 2015-16 and 2019-20, dwelling approvals in Boroondara for new houses slightly decreased over time but remained fairly stable averaging 423 approvals per year over this period.  However, approvals for new other residential dwellings increased steadily from 610 in 2015-16 to 952 in 2019-20, averaging 841 approvals per year over this period.

Table 7: Number of building approvals in Boroondara for new houses and other residential buildings, 2015-16 to 2019-20 (Source: ABS, Building Approvals)

Building type

2015-16

2016-17

2017-18

2018-19

2019-20

New houses

564

446

448

353

305

New other residential building

610

1,304

515

826

952

Total dwellings

1,185

1,753

968

1,186

1,266


Housing costs and affordability

Rent 

Median weekly rents in Boroondara for all dwelling types are higher than the metropolitan Melbourne median (see Table 8). Rental costs between Melbourne and Boroondara widen as dwellings increase in size, and a four-bedroom house in Boroondara costs almost double that of Melbourne overall ($850 weekly rent per week compared to $430 per week).

The Department of Health and Human Services reported that in the June 2020 there were only 12 affordable dwellings (0.9% of all dwellings) available in Boroondara for families receiving a Centrelink payment.

Table 8: Median weekly rent, June 2020 (Source: Department of Human Services)

Dwelling type

Boroondara

Median weekly rent June 2020

% change from June qtr. 2019

Boroondara 

Metro Melbourne

Median weekly rent June 2020

% change from June qtr. 2019 

Metro Melbourne

One-bedroom flat

$353

-4.6%

$350

-6.7%

Two-bedroom flat

$450

-2.2%

$420

-3.4%

Two-bedroom house

$548

14.2%

$425

-1.2%

Three-bedroom house

$630

-3.1%

$400

0

Four-bedroom house

$850

-5.6%

$430

-2.3%

Note: Slight decrease in median weekly rent might be attributed to Covid-19 effect on the rental market; prior to the pandemic median weekly rent had steady growth recorded over the time.

House prices

Figure 1 shows the median price for houses and units/apartments for Boroondara and metropolitan Melbourne between 1989 and 2020. In 2019, the median house price in Boroondara was $2 million, compared to $720,000 in metropolitan Melbourne and units/apartments in Boroondara were $680,000 compared to $555,000 in metropolitan Melbourne. 

Over this period, house prices in Boroondara have increased from a median price that was 89.4% higher than the metropolitan Melbourne median ($250,000 compared to $132,000), to being 177.8% higher in 2019. Median prices for units/apartments in Boroondara and metropolitan Melbourne have increased at a similar pace.

Graph of median house and apartment prices for Boroondara and Metro Melbourne from 1989 to 2020

Figure 1: Median house price and median unit/apartment price in Boroondara and metropolitan Melbourne, 1989 to 2020 (Source: Department of Environment, Land, Water and Planning

Note: Statistics for 2020 are based on a small number of sales and are preliminary only.

Homelessness

The number of people in Boroondara who were homeless on Census night increased from 383 in 2011, to 426 in 2016. This was the second largest increase (11.2%) in the Eastern Metropolitan Region (EMR). Table 9 shows homelessness counts across the EMR and Table 10 shows homelessness counts for the different types of homelessness in Boroondara.

These homelessness counts are likely to underestimate homelessness because having no access to accommodation can present a range of barriers to completing a Census form. However, the increase aligns with the increase in reports to Council relating to instances of homelessness, with 110 reports from the community about rough sleepers made in 2019 compared to 76 reports in 2017. However, it is important to note that each report to Council may not indicate a single incidence of homelessness, as multiple reports can be received for the same location.

Council to Homeless Persons’ report on homelessness in eastern and southern Melbourne shows that women and children, and young people are the most common clients of homelessness services. This is consistent with data trends in Boroondara.

Table 9: Homelessness counts in the Eastern Metropolitan Region, selected Census years (Source: ABS, 2016 Census - Estimating Homelessness)

Area

2006

2011

2016

2016 homelessness rate (per 1000 residents)

Boroondara

312

383

426

2.5

Maroondah

308

425

321

2.4

Knox

254

250

365

1.9

Monash

465

865

842

2.9

Manningham

123

206

219

4.6

Whitehorse

497

736

742

4.6

Yarra Ranges

284

335

366

2.4

Total Eastern Metropolitan Region

2,243

3,150

3,281

3.1

Table 10: Homelessness counts by type of homelessness, City of Boroondara, 2016 (Source: ABS, 2016 Census - Estimating Homelessness)

Type of homelessness

No. of people

Persons living in improvised dwellings, tents, or sleeping out

4

Persons in supported accommodation for the homeless

56

Persons staying temporarily with other households

35

Persons living in boarding houses

250

Persons living in 'severely' crowded dwellings

87

All homeless persons

426


Further information

For more information, email Research or contact Council.

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