City of Boroondara statistics covering:

  • cultural diversity
  • disability
  • religion
  • disadvantage.

This information is complemented by the City of Boroondara Community Profile, which analyses demographics for the City and its suburbs based on results from the 2011, 2006, 2001, 1996 and 1991 Censuses of Population and Housing. The profile is updated with population estimates when the Australian Bureau of Statistics (ABS) releases new figures.

    Cultural diversity

    Country of birth

    The proportion of Boroondara residents born outside Australia increased from 25.8% in 2006 to 28.2% in 2011, with the highest growth among people born in China, India, New Zealand and Vietnam.

    The City's overseas-born population originate from more than 150 different countries. Most residents born overseas are from non-English speaking countries (20.8% of the Boroondara's residents). At the 2011 Census, China overtook the United Kingdom as the top overseas country of birth.

    Residents born in Asian countries tend to be younger, for example people aged 20 to 29 account for 44.4% of Indian-, 33.7% of Indonesian-, 28.4% of Thai- and 27.6% of Chinese-born residents in Boroondara. Residents born in European countries tend to be older, for example, people aged 60 years and over account for 77.8% of Hungarian-, 77.6% of Italian- and 73.9% of Greek-born residents in Boroondara.

    For more information on country of birth, see our birthplace page on the City of Boroondara Community Profile.

    Language diversity

    At the 2011 Census, 23.5% of Boroondara's residents spoke a language other than English at home. This is an increase from 2006, when 20.8% of residents spoke a language other than English at home. Mandarin, Greek and Cantonese are the main languages other than English spoken by the City's residents.

    An examination of the languages spoken in the Boroondara's homes shows variation by age group, a reflection of migration trends.

    Number of City of Boroondara residents by age group who speak a selected language 2011 Census - Figure 1

    Figure 1: Number of City of Boroondara residents (by age group) who speak a selected language, 2011 Census

    Most residents in Boroondara who speak a language other than English at home are proficient in spoken English. For example, 80.3% of Chinese language speakers, 85.2% of Greek speakers, 95.9% of Indian language speakers and 87.7% of Italian speakers report that they speak English 'very well' or 'well'.

    There is a relationship between age and proficiency in spoken English among residents in Boroondara who speak a language other than English at home. Those in older age groups were more likely to report that they speak English 'not well' or 'not at all' (see Figure 2).

    Proportion of persons who spoke another language and spoke English at home not well or not at all - Figure 2

    Figure 2: Proportion of persons who spoke another language and spoke English at home ‘not well or not at all’, by age group, City of Boroondara, 2011 Census

    For more information about language spoken at home see our languages page on the City of Boroondara Community Profile.

    Arrival in Australia

    In 2011, 35.9% of Boroondara residents born overseas had arrived in Australia after 2000. This was more than double the previous 10 year figure, with 14% of residents born overseas having arrived in Australia between 1991 to 2000. Figure 3 shows the increase in overseas arrivals.

    Migrant year of arrival City of Boroondara 2011 source Profile id - Figure 3

    Figure 3: Migrant year of arrival, City of Boroondara, 2011 (source: [Profile .id])

    Boroondara residents who had arrived in Australia before 2001 were more likely to be born in the United Kingdom, Greece, Italy and Malaysia. Those who arrived in Australia between 2001 and 2011 were predominantly born in China (excluding Special Administrative Regions and Taiwan), the United Kingdom, India, Malaysia and New Zealand.

    At February 2016, 18,351 Boroondara residents had first arrived to live in Australia within the previous 10 years. Most had immigrated as part of the skilled stream (10,388 or 56.7%) and only 0.8% (153 people) had arrived as part of the humanitarian stream (although it should be noted that migration stream is 'unknown' for 19% of recent arrivals). The top countries of origin were China (6774 or 36.9%), India (3107 or 16.9%), Malaysia (860, 4.7%) and United Kingdom (857 or 4.7%) and overall, settlers were mainly aged between 18 and 34 years (52.0%).

    Table 1 shows the top countries of birth for each migration stream.

    Table 1: Top 10 countries of birth for settler arrivals to the City of Boroondara, by migration stream, in the 10 years to February 2016

    Rank

    All migrants

    Skilled stream

    Family stream

    Humanitarian stream

    1

    China

    China

    China

    Iran

    2

    India

    India

    India

    China

    3

    Malaysia

    Malaysia

    United Kingdom

    Sudan

    4

    United Kingdom

    United Kingdom

    Malaysia

    Afghanistan

    5

    Sri Lanka

    Korea

    United States

    Sri Lanka

    6

    Korea

    Sri Lanka

    Vietnam

    Iraq

    7

    Vietnam

    Iran

    Thailand

    Burma

    8

    Iran

    South Africa

    Korea

    Pakistan

    9

    Vietnam

    Indonesia

    Japan

    Syria

    10

    South Africa

    Australia

    Hong Kong

    Zimbabwe

    Source: Department of Immigration and Border Protection Settlement Database

    Citizenship

    Each year, ceremonies are held to welcome new Australian citizens. Throughout 2014, Boroondara held 8 citizenship ceremonies and welcomed 774 new Australian citizens. Figure 4 shows the number of new Australian citizens welcomed each year in the City of Boroondara between 2010-11 and 2014-15.

    Number of new citizens City of Boroondara 2010-11 to 2014-15 source City of Boroondara Annual Reports - Figure 4

    Figure 4: Number of new citizens, City of Boroondara, 2010-11 to 2014-15 (source: City of Boroondara Annual Reports)

    Indigenous people

    A total of 221 Boroondara residents identified as Indigenous Australian in the 2011 Census, 194 identifying as Aboriginal and 27 identifying as either Torres Strait Islander or both Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander.

    The Indigenous population in Boroondara are younger than the non-Indigenous population as shown in Table 2 and Figure 5.

    A lower proportion of the Indigenous population have completed high school or an equivalent compared to non-Indigenous Australians. Although the median income for Indigenous households is higher than non-Indigenous households, the median individual income for Indigenous people is lower than that of the general population (see Table 2).

    Table 2: Indigenous and non-Indigenous selected averages, City of Boroondara, 2011 Census

     

    Indigenous person or household with Indigenous persons

    Non-Indigenous person or other households

    Median age

    25

    38

    Median weekly individual income

    $505

    $773

    Median weekly household income

    $2031

    $1893

    Average household size

    2.4

    2.6

    Percentage Indigenous and non Indigenous population by age group City of Boroondara 2011 Census - Figure 5

    Figure 5: Percentage Indigenous and non-Indigenous population by age group, City of Boroondara, 2011 Census

    Highest year of school completed Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents City of Boroondara 2011 Census - Figure 6

    Figure 6: Highest year of school completed, Indigenous and non-Indigenous residents, City of Boroondara, 2011 Census

    Attitudes to cultural diversity

    Attitudes to cultural diversity were measured in a 2011-12 survey by the Victorian Department of Health and Human Services. Respondents were asked if multiculturalism makes life in the area better. Just under 85% of Boroondara residents responded 'sometimes' or 'yes, definitely', while 9.8% responded 'no' or 'not often' (and the question was not answered by the remainder).

    People with a disability

    In the 2011 Census, 3.7% of residents, or 5835 people, reported that they need assistance with core activities and 11.8% of residents aged 15 years and over (or 15,550 people) reported that they care for a person with a disability. For more information, see our need for assistance page on the City of Boroondara Community Profile and our social exclusion and disadvantage page.

    The Census question about need for assistance is designed to be a measure of severe or profound disability and does not capture many within the community who consider themselves to have a disability. Extrapolating from Victorian age- and gender-specific disability rates from the 2012 Survey of Disability, Ageing and Carers (which adopts a much broader definition of disability than applied in the Census) it can be estimated that around 1 in 5 Boroondara residents, or 34,560 people, have a disability (Australian Bureau of Statistics). In 2012, the Australian Bureau of Statistics classed the majority of people in Victoria with a disability as having physical conditions (81%), with the remainder classed as having mental and behavioural disorders (19%).

    The number of people with a disability is expected to increase with the ageing population.

    Carers of people with a disability

    See our work and economic resources and statistics page and social exclusion and disadvantage page.

    Religious affiliation

    At the 2011 Census, 55.5% of Boroondara's population identified as Christian and 28.0% indicated that they have no religious affiliation. In the 10 years from 2001 to 2011 there has been a decrease of those reporting being Christian and an increase of those reporting having no religion. There have also been increases in those with a Buddhist, Islamic or Hindi religion. See Figures 7 and 8.

    Religious affiliation in Boroondara increases with age throughout the adult years. See Figure 9.

    City of Boroondara population by religious affiliation Christianity and no religion 2001-2006 and 2011 Censuses - Figure 7

    Figure 7: City of Boroondara population by religious affiliation, Christianity and no religion, 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses

    City of Boroondara population by religious affiliation selected religions 2001-2006 and 2011 Censuses - Figure 8

    Figure 8: City of Boroondara population by religious affiliation, selected religions 2001, 2006 and 2011 Censuses

    City of Boroondara population with religion and no religion by age group 2011 Census - Figure 9

    Figure 9: City of Boroondara population with religion and no religion, by age group, 2011 Census

    More information on Boroondara's religious profile can be found on the religion page of the City of Boroondara Community Profile.

    Disadvantage in Boroondara

    Although a generally affluent city, Boroondara is also a place of socioeconomic diversity. For more information see the employment status page, the household income page, the SEIFA page of our Profile .id of the City of Boroondara Community Profile, and our social exclusion and disadvantage page.

    For more information, email Research or contact Council.

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